Ferdinand Loyen du Puigaudeau
Ferdinand du Puigaudeau is often known for his mystical scenes of processions and carnivals around Pont Aven and by his association with the Gauguin and the Pont Aven School. Still, after Gauguin moved on to the Pacific and many of the other artists of the group to Paris, Puigaudeau remained on the coast, moving an estate called Kervaudu at Le Croisic, near the mouth of the Loire. Once there, he turned his attention to the beautiful landscape of the region: coastal cliffs with twisting fig trees, flowering fields dotted with small villages.
Beginning in the 1850s, the religious traditions, mystical practices and culture of Pont-Aven gave birth to a new pictorial style in French painting. By the 1880s, numerous artists of a modern tendency worked in the region and adopted vivid color use and created compositions that utilized simplified space with sharply defined forms, influenced by a new interest in Japanese art. Puigaudeau was part of this colony and hence contributed to the birth of the “Pont-Aven School.” He developed close relationships with Paul Gauguin, Edgar Degas, Theo van Rysselberghe, James Ensor and Emile Bernard. Degas often affectionately referred to Puigaudeau as l’ermit of Kervaudu (Kervaudu being the estate near Nantes where Puigaudeau settled after the break-up of the Pont-Aven group), and the two painters exchanged letters throughout their lives.
Puigaudeau’s distinctive impressionistic style is evident in his variations of color and depictions of light. Throughout his career, Puigaudeau maintained a systematic search for vivid, luminous color. Following this interest, he chose subjects that would allow him to play with the extremes of color and light: sunsets, fireworks, candlelight, and the transitory effects of flickering sun or moonlight on water or windy fields. In each case, the fleeting effects of light and color are his true subject. Puigaudeau claimed to believe in “color above all else,” and his scenes sparkle with vivid shades of blue, green, gold, and red.
Selected Museum Collections:
Madrid, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum; Morlaix, Musée Jacobins; Nantes, Musée des Beaux-Arts; Quimper, Musée des Beaux-Arts; Musée Saint Nazaire;
Laurentin, Antoine, Ferdinand du Puigaudeau Catalogue Raisonné, Editions Thierry Salvador, Paris, 1989.
LePaul, Judy, Gauguin and the Impressionists at Pont-Aven, Abbeville Press, New York, 1987.
Ferdinand du Puigaudeau, 1864-1930, Ex. Cat., Musée de Pont-Aven and Musée des Jacobins, Morlaix, 1998.